Yesterday, the Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit upheld a federal law that makes it illegal for undocumented immigrants to own firearms. The Tenth Circuit includes Utah, but the case, United States v. Huitron-Guizar, arose out of Wyoming when Emmanuel Huitron-Guizar was arrested for owning three firearms. To challenge the constitutionality of the congressional law, Mr. Huitron-Guizar relied on language in District of Columbia v. Heller, which seemed to suggest that owning a firearm is an “individual right.”
The Tenth Circuit didn’t say whether a permanent resident or other immigrants can be denied firearms. The Supreme Court generally allows Congress to distinguish between citizens and non-citizens or to distinguish between undocumented aliens and legal aliens. As the Tenth Circuit noted, Congress has the power under the Constitution to determine rules for citizenship and to govern immigrants who seek citizenship.
What most interests me about this case, however, is that Mr. Huitron-Guizar has lived in the United States since he was three years old. He is now 24 years old, and he has lived in Wyoming for the greater part of 21 years. Now he is waiting deportation to Mexico, where he likely does not remember living. The particular firearms he owned would not have been illegal for him to possess if he had been a citizen.
May 12, 2012 at 6:01 PM
This bothers me. It is unfair to say that the language “people” under the 14th Amendment includes undocumented immigrants as “people,” but precedent cherry picks which constitutional rights immigrants get. A quick read of the Second Amendment clearly is meant to also protect “people” yet this constitutional right is not allowed for immigrants. I hope this goes up to SCOTUS. I’d be interested to see the outcome.
May 14, 2012 at 2:24 PM
I’d be interested to see it in the Supreme Court too, but, according to the opinion, other circuit courts decided this issue the same way. Both the Eighth Circuit and the Fifth Circuit. I’m not sure the Supreme Court is going to overrule this.
Court precedent consistently holds that aliens have fewer rights, depending on their status. Even permanent residents can be excluded from police forces or other positions that involve discretionary decision making. I have no idea what evil wold befall this nation if, say, an Argentine national was allowed to investigate a robbery, but the Supreme Court was worried about it.